WELLINGTON, 8 km northwest of NANAIMO on VANCOUVER ISLAND, was the site of a major colliery established in the early 1870s by Robert DUNSMUIR. The townsite had 5,000 inhabitants and an opera house in the 1890s. Operations were phased out by 1900 and many buildings were moved to LADYSMITH. Other collieries at S and E Wellington lasted until the 1950s. The mines, connected via tramway to a wharf on Departure Bay, suffered numerous deadly explosions and fires and several bitter strikes. Today the...

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