NANAIMO overlooks a fine harbour on the east coast of VANCOUVER ISLAND, 110 km north of VICTORIA. As of 2011, it was the largest city on the Island. The name derives from SNUNEYMUXW, the name of the Island HALKOMELEM people who still inhabit the area. The HBC built a fortified post in 1849 after COAL was discovered here. When the company began MINING the coal in 1852, it called the settlement Colvile Town, after the company governor, Andrew Colvile; by 1860, however, it was known as Nanaimo....

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