CONFEDERATION with the Dominion of Canada occurred on 20 July 1871. Faced with a growing public debt and the end of the GOLD boom, British Columbians had been considering their options, including annexation to the US. In 1868 Amor DE COSMOS and others had formed the CONFEDERATION LEAGUE to promote union with Canada, while opposition to the idea was led by a coterie of government officials and some American residents. By 1869 the two factions were deadlocked. Britain, which favoured union,...

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