CASTLEGAR, city, pop 7,259 (2006), is in the KOOTENAY near the south end of ARROW LK at the confluence of the KOOTENAY and COLUMBIA rivers about halfway between Calgary and VANCOUVER. The name is a combination of the Gaelic word gar, meaning rock, and castle, after the shape of a large rock formation nearby. The FUR TRADE explorer David THOMPSON camped on the site in 1811 on his return from the mouth of the Columbia. The community got its start in the 1890s as the GOLD mining centre of W...

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