FJORDS are steep, magnificently scenic inlets that occur the length of the mainland BC coast and on the west side of the QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS and VANCOUVER ISLAND. Originally U-shaped valleys scoured by glaciers during the Pleistocene ice ages,a fjord characteristically has steep sides falling dramatically to and below the water; a RIVER, often with a spectacular WATERFALL, flows into the top end. Many fjords have shoaling along the mouth produced by a ridge or sill; this was caused when...

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