Douglas Treaties

DOUGLAS TREATIES, or the Vancouver Island Treaties, were a series of 14 land purchases (1850–54) by the HBC, acting as agent for the British government, from several FIRST NATIONS on VANCOUVER ISLAND. The treaties were negotiated by James DOUGLAS, HBC chief factor and governor of the island. In 1849 Vancouver Island became a Crown colony, and before settlement could proceed the issue of land ownership had to be decided. The first treaties were made around FORT VICTORIA in 1850, followed by...

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