Canoe, Dugout

CANOE, DUGOUT, was brought to a high degree of functionality on the BC coast by FIRST NATIONS people, who constructed canoes in a variety of sizes for many different purposes. The HAIDA built BC's largest ocean-going dugouts—up to 24 m in length, though 10 to 15 m was more common—for WHALING, sealing, trading and raiding (see also FUR SEAL; FUR TRADE, MARITIME). Each canoe was carved from a single log, an enormous red CEDAR trunk. It was first shaped and hollowed out with hand adzes. The...

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