WETLANDS are areas of waterlogged soil, meaning the water table is at, near or above the soil surface. They may be constantly flooded or they may be inundated periodically, such as in the case of tidal marshes. Freshwater wetlands include ponds, marshes, bogs, sloughs, swamps and fens; saltwater wetlands include tidal flats, salt marshes, ESTUARIES and deltas. About 14% of Canada is covered in wetlands. In BC, where there is much rocky, mountainous terrain (which is not as conducive to their...

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