ROSSLAND, city, pop 3,646 (2001), occupies the eroded crater of an extinct volcano in the MONASHEE MTS in southeast BC, 10 km west of TRAIL. The townsite developed in the 1890s as the centre of a GOLD mining district and was named in 1894 for Ross Thompson, a pioneer settler. Pre-WWI Rossland produced 50% of BC's gold. MINING declined in the 1920s, though MOLYBDENUM has been produced since the 1960s. It is mainly a bedroom community for Trail; many residents work at the COMINCO smelter. Some...

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