NELSON, city, pop 9,258 (2006), overlooks the west arm of KOOTENAY LK 660 km east of VANCOUVER. The townsite was established in 1887 and first named Stanley for the gov gen. It grew quickly as a service centre for the surrounding mines—the Silver King on Toad Mt being the largest—and was the site of a COPPER–lead SMELTER from 1896 to 1907. Incorporated on 18 Mar 1897, it was the largest city between Vancouver and Winnipeg during the 1890s, when it became the terminus and transfer point...

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