HOPE, district municipality, pop 6,185 (2006), nestles in the mountains at the mouth of the Fraser Canyon (see FRASER R), 150 km east of VANCOUVER. It began as Fort Hope, a trading post established for the HBC by Henry Newsham Peers during 1848–49 near the ancient STO:LO nation village of Ts'qo:ls. When the GOLD RUSH began in 1858 it became a stop for miners heading up the river, and a townsite was laid out. The name refers to the HBC's hope that the fort would form part of an all-British...

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