HAWAIIANS arrived on the Pacific coast of N America between the late 18th and mid-19th centuries as crew members with the earliest maritime traders. From 1811 they were recruited directly for the FUR TRADE by the trading companies and served the NORTH WEST CO and the HBC at posts throughout the Pacific slope. About 400 Hawaiians were employed in the land-based trade and several hundred more visited the coast as crew aboard trading vessels. Known colloquially as Kanakas, a Polynesian word...

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