SMALLPOX is an acute infectious disease, potentially fatal, characterized by fever, aches and a pustular rash that may leave scars. The disease runs its course in a month and those who recover have lifelong immunity. It was introduced into BC with the arrival of Europeans and was the disease most responsible for the catastrophic decline in FIRST NATIONS population (see ABORIGINAL DEMOGRAPHY). Epidemics occurred periodically from the 1780s to the 1860s. The first occurrence was probably...

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