KARST is a type of terrain formed by the dissolution of soluble bedrock such as limestone, marble, dolomite or gypsum. An example of how water and carbon dioxide combine to form a weak solution of carbonic acid to dissolve limestone or marble is provided in Figure 1.

Over time, the dissolution of bedrock results in a landscape comprised of: 1) a surface topography with characteristic features such as dolines (karst sinkholes), vertical shafts and fluted bedrock surfaces; 2) a distinctive...

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